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Economy of the Netherlands

Population: 17 million in 20131

GDP: $854 billion in 20132

GDP per Capita: $50,793 nominal3 ($43,404 PPP4) in 2013

GDP growth rate: -0.7% in 20135


GDP by Industry 20126

Industry sectorValue added ($ billions) 2012Percent of total
Other activities37650.4%
Wholesale, retail trade, restaurants and hotels11916.0%
Transport, storage and communication567.4%
Mining and utilities486.4%
Agriculture, hunting, forestry, fishing121.6%
Total value added746100%


Unemployment rate: 6.7% in 20137

Employment by Industry 20138
Employment sector Employees (thousands) 2013Percent of total
Human health and social work1,34616.1%
Wholesale trade, retail trade and repair of motor vehicles1,23214.7%
Not elsewhere classified7008.4%
Professional, scientific and technical5796.9%
Public administration and defence5046.0%
Administrative and support service3904.7%
Transportation and storage3694.4%
Accommodation and food service3193.8%
Finance and insurance2753.3%
Information and communication2543.0%
Other service1902.3%
Agriculture, forestry and fishing1631.9%
Arts, entertainment and recreation1611.9%
Real estate630.8%
Water supply, sewerage and waste management350.4%
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning310.4%
Mining and quarrying110.1%
Activities of households as employers70.1%
Extraterritorial organizations and bodies10.0%
Total employment8,365100%


Top 10 Corporations by Revenue 2013* 9

RankCorporationRevenue ($ billions) 2013Profit ($ billions) 2013Assets ($ billions) 12/31/13Industry
1Royal Dutch Shell38714.1306Petroleum
2ING Group965.41,276Finance
3Airbus Group701.7111Aerospace and defence
4Aegon571.0419Insurance and asset management
5Louis Dreyfus Commodities550.516Diversified
6Royal Ahold393.017Retail
7LyondellBasell Industries383.323Chemicals
8GasTerra290.05Natural gas
9Rabobank Group281.1799Finance 10Royal Philips261.432Electronics

* Corporate data calculated using the exchange rate 0.8840 EUR = 1 USD


Household Wealth: $2.72 trillion (318% of GDP) in 201410

Household Wealth per Adult: $210,233 in 201410

Gini Coefficient: .289 in 201011


Central Government

Central Government Revenue: $316 billion (37% of GDP) in 201312

Central Government Expenditure: $339 billion (40% of GDP) in 201312

Central Government Budget Balance: -$23 billion (-3% of GDP) in 201312

Central Government Public Debt: $487 billion (57% of GDP) in Q2 2014* 13

Central Government 10 Year Bond Interest Rate: 0.57% on Jan 12, 201514

* Public debt calculated using the exchange rate .844 EUR = 1 USD

Government Funds


Tax Structure

Personal Income Tax Rates and Thresholds in 2013* 15

Corporate Tax Rate: 25% in 201416

* Individual thresholds calculated using the exchange rate .8440 EUR = 1 USD

Monetary Policy

Money Supply (Euro area, M1): $6.89 trillion in Nov 2014* 17

Benchmark Interest Rate (Euro area): 0.05% in Sept 201418

Total Reserves: $46 billion (5% of GDP) in 201319

Exchange Rate: 0.8440 Euros = 1 U.S. Dollar on Jan 12, 201520

Inflation: 1.1% in 201321

* Money supply calculated using the exchange rate 0.8440 EUR = 1 USD

Financial Institutions

Top 10 Financial Institutions by Assets 201322

N/A (data not available at Relbanks.com

International Accounts

Exports: $577 billion (68% of GDP) in 201323

Imports: $511 billion (60% of GDP) in 201323

Trade Balance: +$66 billion (+8% of GDP)in 201323

Foreign Direct Investment Inflow: $24 billion (3% of GDP) in 201324

Foreign Direct Investment Outflow: $37 billion (4% of GDP) in 201324

Foreign Aid Inflow: N/A

Foreign Aid Outflow: $5.4 billion (0.6% of GDP) in 201325


1. Source: World Bank Indicators (Population) Go back
2. Source: World Bank Indicators (GDP) Go back
3. Source: World Bank Indicators (GDP per capita) Go back
4. Source: World Bank Indicators (GDP per capita PPP) Go back
5. Source: World Bank Indicators (GDP growth rate) Go back
6. Source: United Nations Statistics Division (GDP by industry) Go back
7. Source: World Bank Indicators (Unemployment rate) Go back
8. Source: International Labor Organization, Downloads (Employment by economic activity) Go back
9. Source: Annual reports (Corporate data) Go back
10. Source: Credit Suisse Global Wealth Databook (Household wealth) Go back
11. Source: World Bank Indicators (Gini coefficient) Go back
12. Source: CIA World Factbook (Government budget) Go back
13. Source: OECD Stat Extracts, National Accounts, Quarterly Public Sector Debt (Public debt) Go back
14. Source: Bloomberg (Government bond yield) Go back
15. Source: OECD Stat Extracts, Public Sector, Tax Database (Individual tax rates) Go back
16. Source: Tax Foundation (Corporate tax rate) Go back
17. Source: ECB Monetary developments (Money supply) Go back
18. Source: ECB Key interest rates (Benchmark interest rate) Go back
19. Source: World Bank Indicators (Total reserves) Go back
20. Source: Yahoo Finance (Exchange rate) Go back
21. Source: World Bank Indicators (Inflation rate) Go back
22. Source: Relbanks.com (Financial institutions by assets) Go back
23. Source: CIA World Factbook (Trade data) Go back
24. Source: OECD FDI in Figures (FDI data) Go back
25. Source: OECD Aid Statisitcs (Aid outflow) Go back