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Economy of Myanmar

Population: 53 million in 20131

GDP: $59 billion in 20132

GDP per capita: $1,126 nominal3 ($1,600 PPP4) in 2012

GDP growth rate: 6.8% in 2013


GDP by Industry 20126

Industry sectorValue added ($ millions) 2012Percent of total
Agriculture, hunting, forestry, fishing19,00034.3%
Wholesale, retail trade, restaurants and hotels11,10020.1%
Transport, storage and communication7,70713.9%
Other activities2,1673.9%
Mining and utilities1,2742.3%
Total value added55,352100%


Unemployment rate: 3.4% in 20137

Employment by Industry 20018

Employment sectorPercent of total


Top 10 Corporations by Revenue 20139



Household Wealth: $69 billion (117% of GDP) in 201410

Household Wealth per Adult: $2,014 in 201410

Gini Coefficient: N/A


Central Government

Central Government Revenue: $2.4 billion (4% of GDP) in 201311

Central Government Expenditure: $4.4 billion (7% of GDP) in 201311

Central Government Budget Balance: -$2.0 billion (-3% of GDP) in 201311

Central Government Public Debt: N/A

Central Government 10 Year Bond Interest Rate: N/A

Government Funds


Tax Structure

Individual Income Tax Rates and Thresholds in 201312

Corporate Tax Rate: 25% in 201413

Monetary Policy

Money Supply (M1): $9.3 billion (16% of GDP) in 2013* 14

Benchmark Interest Rate: N/A

Total Reserves: $7.3 billion (12% of GDP) in 201215

Exchange Rate: 1,031 Myanmar Kyat = 1 U.S. Dollar on Feb 4, 201516

Inflation: 5.5% in 201317

* Money supply calculated using the exchange rate 1,031 MMK = 1 USD

Financial Institutions

Top 10 Financial Institutions by Assets 201318

N/A (data not available at Relbanks.com)

International Accounts

Exports: $9.0 billion (15% of GDP) in 201319

Imports: $10.1 billion (17% of GDP) in 201319

Trade Balance: -$1.1 billion (-2% of GDP) in 201319

Foreign Direct Investment Inflow: $2.2 billion (4% of GDP) in 201320

Foreign Direct Investment Outflow: N/A

Foreign Aid Inflow: $504 million (1% of GDP) in 201221

Foreign Aid Outflow: N/A


1. Source: World Bank Indicators (Population) Go back
2. Source: CIA World Factbook (GDP) Go back
3. Source: UN Data (GDP per capita) Go back
4. Source: CIA World Factbook (GDP per capita PPP) Go back
5. Source: CIA World Factbook (GDP growth rate) Go back
6. Source: United Nations Statistics Division (GDP by industry) Go back
7. Source: World Bank Indicators (Unemployment rate) Go back
8. Source: CIA World Factbook (Employment by economic activity) Go back
9. Source: Annual reports (Corporate data) Go back
10. Source: Credit Suisse Global Wealth Databook (Household wealth) Go back
11. Source: CIA World Factbook (Government budget) Go back
12. Source: KPMG (Individual tax rates) Go back
13. Source: Tax Foundation (Corporate tax rate) Go back
14. Source: World Bank Indicators (Money supply) Go back
15. Source: World Bank Indicators (Total reserves) Go back
16. Source: Yahoo Finance (Exchange rate) Go back
17. Source: World Bank Indicators (Inflation rate) Go back
18. Source: Relbanks.com (Financial institutions by assets) Go back
19. Source: CIA World Factbook (Trade data) Go back
20. Source: World Bank Indicators (FDI data) Go back
21. Source: World Bank Indicators (Aid data) Go back